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Posts for category: ENT Conditions

By Ear, Nose, & Throat Associates of Corpus Christi
February 25, 2021
Category: ENT Conditions
Tags: Nosebleeds  
NosebleedsThe nose is lined with blood vessels. When one or more blood vessels have been injured, this results in a nosebleed. While a gushing nosebleed—especially when it comes out of nowhere—can be a little unnerving, it’s usually nothing to worry about. Nosebleeds are incredibly common. In fact, according to WebMD, about one out of every seven people in the US will experience a nosebleed during their lifetime, with it being most common among children 2-10 years old. Of course, if nosebleeds are a recurring problem, it may be time to talk with an ENT doctor.

Common Causes of Nosebleeds

If you get a nosebleed every once in a while, this typically isn’t a cause for concern. Nosebleeds are usually caused by,
  • Injury to the nasal membrane
  • Picking at your nose
  • Cold air
  • Dry, heated air
  • Repeated use of nasal sprays
  • Taking aspirin often
  • Blowing your nose regularly
  • Respiratory infections (e.g., colds and flu; sinusitis)
  • An allergic reaction
  • Chemical irritants
If your nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes or results from an injury, you must see a doctor right away as this could be a sign of a posterior nosebleed. A posterior nosebleed occurs when there is damage to an artery branch deep within the nose, leading to heavy bleeds that can go down the throat. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical care.

Causes of Frequent Nosebleeds

If you’re dealing with persistent nosebleeds, here’s what could be going on,
  • You may have ruptured blood vessels in the lining of the nose
  • You could have a polyp or growth in the sinuses or nasal cavity
  • You could have a health problem that affects blood clotting
  • You could have an inherited condition known as Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, which results in abnormal blood vessels in the nose
If you experience nosebleeds four or more times a week, you must have an ENT doctor find out what’s going on. If you only experience a nosebleed a couple of times a month this could be a sign of a chronic issue such as allergies. If you aren’t able to get your nosebleeds under control on your own, it’s time to see a doctor.

An ENT doctor can help you address all of your ear, nose, and throat problems. If you’re plagued with nosebleeds, we can find out what’s causing your symptoms and how to treat them. Call your ENT doctor today to schedule an appointment.
By Ear, Nose, & Throat Associates of Corpus Christi
December 09, 2020
Category: ENT Conditions
Tags: Dry Mouth  
he Possible Causes of Dry Mouth
Feeling like your mouth is as dry as the Sahara? While dry mouth is fairly common if this is a problem you are dealing with regularly then you may be wondering what’s going on and why it’s happening to you. Common causes of dry mouth include:
 
Medications
There are some medications in which dry mouth is a common side effect. Dry mouth is more common in allergy meds, anti-anxiety drugs, anti-depressants, cold medications, acne treatments, high blood pressure medication, asthma inhalers, or muscle relaxants.
 
Certain Health Disorders
Dry mouth could also be indicative of a health condition. Those with HIV, diabetes, anemia, high blood pressure, or hypertension are more likely to deal with dry mouth.
 
Dehydration
Did you know that most Americans aren’t drinking enough water? If you are one of them, then it’s only natural that you’re going to deal with dry mouth. If you are losing fluids through vomiting or diarrhea, or if you are participating in sports during the summer, you must be consuming enough fluids and staying hydrated to offset the increased loss of fluid.
 
Lifestyle habits
Certain habits could also be contributing to your dry mouth. If you are a mouth breather this is a common reason you could be dealing with this pesky problem. Those who smoke or use tobacco products are also more likely to deal with dry mouth.
 
What are the signs of dry mouth?
While it might be obvious that a dry mouth will feel, well dry, there are other symptoms associated with dry mouth including,
  • Sore or irritated throat
  • Excessive thirst
  • Changes in taste
Less obvious symptoms include hoarseness or dry eyes.
 
When should I see a doctor?
We all know that not drinking enough water or even being stressed out can lead to the occasional bout of dry mouth, but if you are dealing with this problem regularly it’s important to see a doctor since this could be a sign of an underlying health problem that will most likely require treatment.
 
If you are dealing with persistent dry mouth an ENT doctor can determine what’s going on and how to best combat it. Since dry mouth has the ability to lead to bad breath, decay, and gum disease, it’s a good idea to get this problem under control.
By Ear, Nose, & Throat Associates of Corpus Christi
March 19, 2019
Category: ENT Conditions
Tags: ENT   Head Surgery   Neck Surgery  

There are many ear, nose and throat problems that could benefit from surgery.Imaging can help with a diagnosis

While surgery is often something that most people hope to avoid, there are some situations in which your otolaryngologist may advise you as to whether your next step in your treatment plan is actually to get surgery. While non-surgical treatment is almost always the answer, surgery can also finally provide those chronic and severe sufferers with the relief they’ve finally been hoping for.

When you are dealing with any ear, nose or throat problems it’s always best to turn to an otolaryngologist to treat your symptoms. Whether you are dealing with tonsil problems or sinus issues, they can help get these conditions under control. While many of these health problems won’t require surgery, they may be necessary if traditional methods aren’t providing you with relief. These conditions include:

  • Hearing or balance problems
  • Chronic or persistent ear infections
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Laryngitis
  • Thyroid problems
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Tonsillitis
  • Esophagus problems

By seeking care from a medical professional right away an otolaryngologist can easily determine the cause of your condition so that they can create a treatment plan that will finally provide you with the relief you’ve been looking for. In some cases, diagnostic imaging (e.g. X-rays, CT scan) may be necessary in order to make a definitive diagnosis.

In most instances, the treatment plan you receive in the beginning will provide you with a list of conservative, non-surgical options for tackling and managing your symptoms. While many people will find that these plans work perfectly for them, there are some whose conditions are so severe or long-term that the best option is surgery.

Fortunately, ear, nose and throat surgery has come a long way over the years and now otolaryngologists can offer:

  • Both regular and endoscopic sinus surgery
  • Surgery to correct breathing disorders
  • Surgery to treat sleep disorders like sleep apnea
  • Surgery to remove infected tonsils
  • Surgery to correct congenital deformities

Whether you have questions about head and neck surgery or you are dealing with serious long-term sinusitis issues, it’s important that you have an ENT specialist that you can go to whenever you have questions, concerns or treatment needs.

By Ear, Nose, & Throat Associates of Corpus Christi
February 14, 2019
Category: ENT Conditions
Tags: Thyroid Cancer  

What is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer involves having cancerous cells and tissue where your thyroid gland is located. The thyroid is a gland at the base of your neck, right below your Adam’s apple. This gland produces important hormones to regulate your blood pressure, heart rate, weight, and your body temperature.

You may be at higher risk of thyroid cancer if you are a woman, have a family history of thyroid cancer, or have had high levels of exposure to radiation.

There are several types of thyroid cancer, including:

  • Papillary thyroid cancer, which is the most common type; it shows up in follicular cells which make and store the thyroid hormones. Papillary thyroid cancer is more common in people aged 30 to 50.
  • Follicular thyroid cancer, which also occurs in the follicular cells; this type of thyroid cancer typically happens to people over age 50.
  • Medullary thyroid cancer, which starts in the C cells; the cells that produce the hormone calcitonin; if calcitonin levels are elevated, it can indicate medullary thyroid cancer.
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer, which is a rare, fast-growing form of thyroid cancer; this type of thyroid cancer typically affects people who are at least 60 years old.
  • Thyroid lymphoma, which is a rare type of thyroid cancer starting in the immune system cells; thyroid lymphoma typically happens to older adults.

Thyroid cancer often has mild or no symptoms, but there are a few recognizable signs and symptoms to pay attention to. According to the Mayo Clinic, some common signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
  • Pain in your neck or throat
  • Pain or difficulty swallowing
  • Chronically hoarse voice
  • A lump in your neck

Thyroid cancer treatment works best in the early stages of the disease. Your doctor may recommend these effective treatments for thyroid cancer:

  • Surgical procedures, to remove a portion or all of your thyroid gland and associated lymph nodes
  • Radioactive iodine therapy, to destroy remaining thyroid tissue to prevent the cancer from spreading
  • Thyroid hormone treatment, to replace missing thyroid hormone

Your thyroid performs an important function by producing hormones which are vital to the proper functioning of your body. You can help protect your thyroid by visiting your doctor regularly for a physical examination and lab testing if necessary.